Конкурс «Педагогічні інновації»

Дата конвертації08.12.2016
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Before you start to prepare a presentation, you should ask yourself: "Why am I making this presentation?" Do you need to inform, to persuade, to train or to sell?.


"Whom am I making this presentation to?" Sometimes this will be obvious, but not always. You should try to inform yourself. How many people? Who are they? Business people? Professional people? Political people?


"Where am I making this presentation?" In a small hotel meeting-room or a large conference hall? What facilities and equipment are available? What are the seating arrangements?

Time and length

"When am I making this presentation and how long will it be?" Will it be 5 minutes or 1 hour?


How should I make this presentation?" What approach should you use? Formal or informal? Lots of visual aids or only a few?


"What should I say?" Now you must decide exactly what you want to say. First, you should brainstorm your ideas.


A well organized presentation with a clear structure is easier for the audience to follow.


When you give your presentation, you should be - or appear to be - as spontaneous as possible. You should not read your presentation!


Rehearsal is a vital part of preparation. You should leave time to practice your presentation two or three times.

Ехеrcise 4.Open the content of every question

Вправи на вибір

When you ask yourself

1. Why am I making this presentation?

you mean


2. Who am I making this presentation to


3.What is a vital part of preparation


4.What should I say?"

Time and length

5. How should I make this presentation?"


6.Where am I making this presentation


7. When am I making this presentation and how long will it be?



Easily your most important piece of equipment is...YOU! Make sure you're in full working order, and check your personal presentation carefully - if you don't, your audience will!

The overhead projector (OHP) displays overhead transparencies (OHTs or OHPTs). It has several advantages over the 35mm slide projector:

  • it can be used in daylight

  • the user can face the audience

  • the user can write or draw directly on the transparency while in use


The whiteboard (more rarely blackboard or greenboard) is a useful device for spontaneous writing - as in brainstorming, for example. For prepared material, the OHP might be more suitable.



Markers are used for writing on the whiteboard (delible - you can remove the ink) or flipchart (indelible - you cannot remove the ink). They are usually available in blue, red, black and green. Again, it's a good idea to carry a spare set of markers in case you are given some used ones which do not write well.


"A good workman never blames his tools."


The flipchart consists of several leaves of paper that you 'flip' or turn over. Some people prefer the flipchart to the whiteboard, but its use is limited to smaller presentations.



Transparencies are projected by an overhead projector or a slide projector into a screen - in this case a folding screen which can be packed up and transported.


The notebook computer is increasingly being used to display graphics during presentations. It is often used in conjunction with an overhead projector, which actually projects the image from the computer screen onto the wall screen.


Handouts are any documents or samples that you 'hand out' or distribute to your audience. Note that it is not usually a good idea to distribute handouts before your pres

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